Scientists from the British University of York have found evidence in the territory of modern Poland that people in the Stone Age made cheese from the milk of a number of animals.
The Royal Society Open Science journal points out that researchers have been studying late Neolithic dairy processing methods by analyzing fats and proteins, as they were able to find organic remains in earthenware pots containing a high percentage of cheese, suggesting that cheese was made using multiple types of milk. .
Lactose intolerance (lactose intolerance) is reported to have been common in Europe during the Neolithic period until the late Bronze Age, when a mutation appeared that allowed adults to produce lactase, an enzyme that breaks down lactose in the body.
Despite the prevalence of lactose intolerance during this period, there is archaeological evidence to support the consumption of dairy products during the Neolithic period, as animal bones have been found with signs of slaughter, characteristic of animals whose milk was consumed, milk fats in ceramic pots and milk proteins. in tartar that has accumulated on the teeth.
The results of the study show that farmers reduced the amount of lactose in cow, sheep and goat milk by converting it into products such as cheese or yogurt.
Source: Linta. EN
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